Joomla vs Wordpress

Today we will be talking about the two most used CMS in the world: Joomla and Wordpress.


In Hamro Dev we are experts in both Joomla and Wordpress, and in today's post, we would like to talk about their pros and cons so you can have a better understanding on what features make each of these unique and which one would be more suitable for your own projects.


Note that there are other CMS systems around that you and your team can use, however in this post we would only like to talk about the two tier 1 of CMS software.


The first notable difference is that Joomla define itself as a "CMS" or Content Management System, whereas Wordpress was not born as a CMS and defines itself as an open source software.


In it's origins, Wordpress was an app that was used only to make blogs and only blogs. Nothing else but a blog. Not a content site niether a news website nor landing pages. None of those where in the plans of wordpress at it's origins. 


However, Joomla was created and concieved as a full CMS system from the very beginning, so all of it's interface and user experience was built with this in mind.

WHy does this affect my decision?

Well to be honest, this very key difference is what makes both Wordpress and Joomla stronger and weaker. Despite the fact that Wordpress can be considered as a fully fledged CMS, its User Interface lacks a little bit a clear structure and organisation regarding how it manages its plugins.


For one hand, anything that you install in Wordpress is named a plugin. However, not all plugins are "plugins". We understand plugin as something that adds new functionalities to any software or hardware. However, many of those functionalities share different scopes of action, and grouping them all together limits the learning curve of new users.  Joomla on the other hand has divided it's extensions into Plugins, Components and Modules.


Plugins are meant to do small things that alter the joomla behaviour or add new functionalities to existing modules and components


Modules are meant to display information and functionalities from components in the front end and templates.


Components are features that extend the original functionality of Joomla. For example, an e-commerce would be a component, where as displaying the last 10 items of your article list would be a plugin.


What we believe is that Joomla and Wordpress were built with two different purposes. Wordpress was built as a blogging system while Joomla was built as a CMS. Over time, what became most important in web was neither one nor the other, but instead having a broad ammount of functionalities and possibilities for personalization, payment modules, social network integrations and e-commerce. Each developed it's own way around to allow to reach this new trend. 

regarding installation, it's a tie

We have already talked about installing Joomla and installing Wordpress before. Both CMS have a similar process in pretty much any scenario. They both require PHP and mySQL to work  and they have installation packages as well as multiple installation choices and options.


Regarding previous installations, if the app detects that conflicts could happen between the contents of the database and the new install,wordpress will not make any changes whereas Joomla will allow you the possibility of backing up the database before starting the install.


Joomla also offers us more information on the server, informing us of the status of the parameters that Joomla will need to work and the problems that may exist if any have  been detected.


Still, both systems offer very user friendly ,easy to use, straight out of the box installation packages that are easy to use for most users.

site migration is for joomla

If we want to migrate our site from one place to another,Wordpress offers many plugins that allow for you to do this, whereas in Joomla you need only to change the domain name in the configuration.php file.


This process is extremely easy to use, whereas in Wordpress you will require to use third party plugins and maybe have a little bit of know-how depending on the configuration of your site.

user management

Joomla offers a robust and complete user management system with access and priviledge rights for each group of users or individuals.


On the other hand, Wordpress offers a simple user management system with only a few fields such as name, email, website, surname. We will also have to assign a profile to this user that will define the permissions this user will have.


It's not bad, however we can straightly see that this permission system is very focused towards the development of a blog (as it was designed in the beginning). If we want our website to be something different, we can find this system a little bit short of functionalities. Again, you can always extend these functionalities with aditional plugins. 


Overall, user management and access is much more polished and better taken care of in Joomla. However, wordpress offers a simple yet effective solution that should be fine for 99% of the people.  

E-commerce solutions for joomla are bad

While you find many fully functioning  out of the box software bundles such as Virtuemart for Joomla that are decent e-commerce free solutions, nothing in Joomla beats Woocommerce.

Woo commerce is one of the best solutions for e-commerce around the internet right now and one of the most commonly used. And its reputation comes for a reason. It currently offers many free and paid themes and plugins that fully work out of the box and easily integrate into many existing themes. Most popular themes in Wordpress offer some sort of support for Woocommerce and offer quality and professional results with very little work.


Joomla on the other hand has yet a lot to learn from Woocommerce. Its e-commerce solutions are clumbsy , poorly planned and despite they fully work, they simply are not up to the standard that systems such as Woo commerce or Shopify offer nowadays.

Themes and extensions

One of Wordpress' greatest virtues is how numerous and accessible its themes and plugins are. 


Despite the fact that both CMS offer simple to use but yet powerful install-from-the-web extensions, Wordpress has over 2000 themes and over 50000 different plugins that are both free and paid. Joomla only offers 8000 extensions. This is still a very respectable number, but not even close to how vast Wordpress is.


Paid plugins shouldn't necesarily be a detterrent. Most of the best options around for both Joomla and Wordpress are either paid for versions (developers require a sallary too!) or offer premium licensed packages.


Overall, both CMS offer a wide range of robust working extensions, but Wordpress has the upper hand in this, since the ammount of plugins for Wordpress is far more numerous than Joomla's. If we want to find new functionalities for Wordpress, we find it easier because of how many there are.

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multi language support.

Joomla is built in with a straight out of the box multi-language conception.  It is extremely easy to configure a multilanguage website in Joomla and you can add as many as your project may need. 


Wordpress on the other hand, was built with a "Being a blog" mind set, so you need to use plugins to translate the site to multiple languages. While there are many options available, none of the free versions are quite as good as Joomla's basic multilanguage system. Other options such as Weglot exist for both systems, however Joomla doesn't normally require this since its base system is already robust and powerful enough.

Security in wordpress and joomla

Both systems are open sourced licensed under GPLv2 . This means that when you download Joomla or Wordpress you download the source code that will work in a php virtual machine.


This means that the source code of both platforms is scrutinied publicly to the whole of the internet. All of the internet can read the code, copy it, fork it or do whatever they want with it. If any of the codes was faulty, then the internet would end up finding out and the threats could be corrected with ease.


Both platforms use a robust cycle of software development and security breaches are very rare on either system since bugs are corrected in each development cycle and software is built with security as a must.


However, nowadays, software and hacking attacks are mostly always produced in a massive scale rather than targeted single and individual. Which one will be the one that is attacked the most? Normally this will be the more popular and widely used, and Wordpress is more widely used in the internet than Joomla, so most attacks and security breaches will happen here.


Security breaches are dealt by patches, and both Joomla and Wordpress normally deal with these in updates and security patches. However, if you do not update the software, then you'll have a vulnerable version of the site that is prone to being hacked.


Despite this, we can divide security into three different smaller categories.


Updates:
Both Joomla and Wordpress offer fully functioning update systems that work by simply clicking a button in the user interface.


% of use:

According to W3Techs, Wordpress is used by almost 60% of the websites worldwide, whereas only a rough 6.7% of them use Joomla. This is why malicious users will normally be more interested in attacking Wordpress systems rather than Joomla systems, since one attack can easily be replicated into a much higher ammount of sites.


Vulnerabilities:

What also matters most is the ammount of vulnerabilities that have been detected in both Joomla and Wordpress. 


According to Exploit Alerts, we have counted 84 exploits for Joomla and Joomla Extensions in 2019, compared to Wordpress' 154. If we take into account how widespread Wordpress is , this makes sense, since more people are looking into the code and more of these vulnerabilities are found.


Hence, and not because Wordpress is necesarily more unsafe than Joomla , but because more people use it, it will be targeted for software exploits more commonly than Joomla.

community and support

What happens when something goes wrong? Plugins and paid for extensions in both Wordpress and Joomla offer normally a good customer support, which is an increasingly improving standard around the internet nowadays. 


However , despite this, it will be our job to get us out of the mud most of the times. This is when one of the most important factors in software development comes into play and it is built in with the way the internet works: community support.


Wordpress community is very big and active and documentation is wide and useful.


Joomla's developer community is also huge. We wouldn't find much trouble in finding out help from the community here either. However, since Joomla is slightly less used than Wordpress, normally we will find more information on problems in Wordpress. Other users will have had the same problem earlier, and finding information on how to fix it could become a faster process than Joomla.


Be that as it may, it depends entirely on the issue and how much support does the company that developed it offer to the end user.

Overall- which one is best?

There are many key features regarding this decision, however, we can say that Joomla is an application built with a much more complete core than Wordpress, since it was conceived as a CMS in it's origins.


Wordpress on the other hand, is slightly more limited in its base, since it's main core purpose was to simply build blogs.


Regading component administration, Wordpress offers a more complete solution, Whereas Joomla's , despite it being clearer on installation and purposing, is much less broad. 


Speaking about security, despite they are both very safe, Wordpress normally receives many more attacks than Joomla, because of how popular it is.


Joomla and Wordpress are both good quality software. In our opinion, if what you need is an e-commerce site, then Joomla simply is not up for the task as Wordpress is. Wordpress also offers more complete solutions regarding SEO edition and SEO analysis, such as YOAST. 


Joomla on the other hand, offers a much cleaner and organized approach for content management systems. Multilanguage sites come with a sratch, and the user interface is much cleaner and more understandable to use once you understand how it works.


Wordpress on the other hand, sometimes changes parts of its customisation options varying on the theme that you are using.


Regarding performance, there is nothing written since performance depends always on the machine, the site load, the images, the brandwidth etc.


However, in our development expertise, we normally feel Joomla websites load somewhat faster than Wordpress'.


Did you feel like anything was missing in this post? Are you still unsure​ about which one of the systems you and your group should use? Give us a shout in the comments bellow! 



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